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Sonntag, 26. Juli 2015

Bail-Ins Of "Big Deposits" In Greece Would Be "Extraordinarily Counter-Productive"

Bail-Ins Of "Big Deposits" In Greece Would Be "Extraordinarily Counter-Productive"

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- Bail-ins are a risk facing Greek savers and businesses
- 'The Economist' warns bail-ins in Greece would be "extraordinarily counter-productive"
- Capital controls choking small and medium size businesses
- Greek liquidity crisis now a solvency crisis
- ELA now provides more liquidity to the Greek banking sector than deposits do
- Greece households and especially businesses worry about a “bail-in” of big deposits - above €100,000
- Financial interests of banks placed over those of small and medium businesses and taxpayers
“Bailing-in” of larger deposits would have a very detrimental effect on Greece, The Economist has warned. The magazine points out that such an action would “destroy the working capital” of small and medium size businesses, which it describes as the “backbone” of Greece’s economy.
The risk that bail-ins pose to companies, trade, commerce, employment and entire economies is something at which we have looked frequently in recent months. Indeed, we think we are largely alone in focussing in detail on the risk that bail-ins pose not just to individual savers but also to millions of small and medium size enterprises throughout the world.
There has been little or no debate by commentators or in the media about the risks posed by bail-ins.
The cosy consensus is that bail-ins are good as they allegedly protect the taxpayers from bailing out banks. As if it is a fait accompli that banks should be bailed out by anybody - taxpayers or depositors - in the first place.
The better option of winding down failed banks is verboten in our banker-captured financial and political world.
The narrative is that bail-ins are good as they protect taxpayers. This forgets that small and medium enterprises employ millions of people who are taxpayers and contribute billions in tax revenues. Therefore, if you confiscate their deposits, their very working capital, they will not have the monies needed to pay wages and salaries of millions of employees.
Is it not before time that we have a real debate about the developing bail-in regimes and the deflationary risk they pose to western economies?
In Greece, small and medium size enterprises - the backbone of the Greek and indeed most economies - are already suffering the adverse effects of capital controls. The restrictions on transferring cash abroad has prevented them from importing the various products they use to run their businesses or sell to consumers.
The limits on cash withdrawals - now €420 per week which can be withdrawn all at once as opposed to the previous €60 daily limit - is greatly hampering their ability to do business. All business has to be done with cash and some with the return of barter.
The Economist suggests that a separate Emergency Liquidity Assistance (ELA) program be introduced to specifically to give banks greater flexibility in lending to businesses to keep them afloat.
Failure to provide emergency liquidity to businesses will lead to defaults by otherwise reasonably healthy businesses which will further undermine the balance sheets of banks, increase unemployment and further impact the already devastated Greek economy.
The Economist also makes a passing reference to the insane situation whereby businesses would have to beg their banks for credit while their own cash reserves are being withheld:“Any such improvements are likely to rely heavily on extra ELA rather than a return of deposits.”
The magazine argues that Greece now faces a solvency crisis. They almost ran out of cash during the bank runs of the past few weeks. The situation was only barely stabilised when the Greek central bank received the go ahead from the ECB to provide ELA.
The Economist also points out that, despite capital controls, ELA now provides more liquidity to the highly indebted Greek banks that customer deposits do. This underlines that the current model of treating debt crises with more debt and hoping the problem will go away is utterly stupid and futile.
It is storing up a world of financial pain in the coming months and years.
The erstwhile capitulation of Syriza likely opens the door to further ELA and a stabilisation of the Greece’s banking system but the true health of that system will only become clear when stress tests are performed in the Autumn according to the magazine.
The magazine suggests that - now that a “Grexit” is off the table - “bail-ins” are the biggest concern facing Greek savers and businesses.
They argue that bail-ins are unlikely because the program is not set to be fully ratified Europe-wide until next year and suggest that assurances from Europe to Greece that “bail-ins” are off the table would help stabilise the system.
We are unclear as to whether bail-ins will be applied to Greek deposits at this time.  They may not be as they would send an extremely negative message to savers throughout Europe. However, the threat of bail-ins may be used to keep Tsipras and the Greek government in line and force them to implement the new austerity regime.
The treatment of Greece - who are one side of a two sided process and who have been forced to bear the brunt of the consequences of the foolishness of the Troika in recent months has alarmed many Europeans. They are beginning to sense that policy is being directed by financial and banking interests rather than by a democratic process.
Financial interests of banks are once again being placed over those of small and medium businesses and taxpayers in general.
In the event of a systemic European banking crisis, however, laws can be changed at the stroke of a pen and “bail-in” mechanisms could become fully operational. Also, the comforting guarantee of €100,000 will be erased in such a crisis.
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